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08.12.2003
Ivanov: Texoo oo epe

Aaa RUP: Meoa oo epe

Moe epee - epee ycox aoo oep 3aaa coe, p oopo poe o 3aaa epe a ce oe ac coe.

a 1. ocaoo
a 2. o
a 3. Capy
a 4. Bepee

Haaee eo pa ee peoc

aa exoo papao epe ee ceye poepee pa peoc:

  • Paccao a aoe oepe 3aaa coe peeax e eee ooo aa pao, eec y, o 3aa coe oy opoa poe, o e oee e paax aa.
  • Oao poeo cpoo o 3x ece pyoeoc o 1 e/oa. ooe oee coo cce, eoxoo, o ee oee oy epc e oe 3x ece, poo cyae eoa e pea.
  • e oe eoopaoa. aa eoa papaoaa c yeo pcoaoo coe ooo 3aaa "eoopaoa a ec poe". o e cae oooc pee oee poco paceo cxe opeeoo a.
  • 3aa oo aa oe, o a peya, a e a yc (pe) coe. oya poea, a e pee coe ooe 3aay c c ce aey ac oeceoc a co poe o.
  • Kee ooae 3aaa e ec ceaca opaox cceax. 3aa peoae paoa e c opao ceae, a c oyeae ooae oe cce.
  • Meoa pea eox aax cepx cce.

3aea coyx Rational Unified Process:

- oe o RUP, ac peoea a oop cea oyea e oyeo, o ao ax papaoo
- aa eoa ocoo oope a RUP, o ec ee ypoee ao py papao (o 1 e. oa, o 5 papaoo). RUP ye oee ee oa o 7-12 eoe;
- oo RUP cooac ee eo cpao papao BSM (Boehm Spiral Methodology);
- oe o RUP, peyec (a e poco peoeyec) poopoae a epo ae (Inception Phase), o cao c e, o ae py opopax papaoo oo e e eoxoo cac xopoeo apoa poeo;
- yoea caca pyoeoc ao ax papaoo.

a 1. ocaoo

a a pooc o ooopy o ocae, .e. oaa aa  opeea. B y eopeeeoc aa capoa apaee ee cooc eooo. Ceecooc aa pepo paa 10% ceecooc cex pao.

Ocoo poy aa - oye "ocaoa 3aa" (Product Vision).

a oye oe opee e poea a ce cco ex peoa e opoo pacpo. Ba pep: ecop a ocyce opooo oca, cco oe oaac caceco oee pyoeoc co caap ooee (pco) peex paax.

Ha ocoe "ocao 3aa" peyec coca oye "ooecoe oocoae".

a oye oe coepa cacecy oey pyoeoc (ceecooc) pao. C pyo copo, oe cea aa ooecoo ea o epe.

p aae coyec caca pyoeoc (eoc) aaox poeo. p ocyc ao cac ee o oeax pe a opo, ao cyae ceye opooa oy cacy opac a peya papao/eocpa pooo.

oe pco peyec papaoa a y 2 pocex pooa (o oy oe a o).

"epec poo" - o poo, py 1-2 aex aoox oa popa. Heoxoo poaapoa pea ooaee c e  ye pco cax c oae x peoa.

"Apxeyp poo" - o poo, poep cae pece eca yye apxeyp. a poo cy oe exooecx pco.

ae poo  e o aee cooac p papaoe cce, peyec aa papaoy aoo. o cao c e, o poo cya axoe oax pee, o ao e c.

Oey pco peyec pa e oooo pee pyoeoc (eccca oea). eo ao oe ceye cxo p opeee oe pyoeoc (e) poya.

B peyae ee eeo copypoaoe aae "ocaoa 3aa" oey cooc "ooeco oocoa". Pc o eeoc peoa o op eccco oeo. C o pe pecoo ooopa "ocaoa 3aa" oe pa po T3, o c yaae ooope a o, o oee pope oye "oyea ooae" (c. e) ccea ye pac o "peo ca" (c. ae e)

Cee

Baoc

poy aa Ocae poya
1 ocaoa 3aa e poea.

Cco ex peoa e opoo pacpo

2 ooecoe oocoae Oea ooecoo ea ceecooc poea.
3 epec poo Moe ooo ex epeco ooae
4 Apxeyp poo Moe oeoo poep pao apxeyp

coe aepe aa: ocae copoa "ocao 3aa" "ooecoo oocoa".

 

a 2. o

Ha ao ae pooc coae cep paox pooo, oxaax c ccey, coacyc ce peoa c  e ooae.  Ceecooc aa cocae pepo 30% papao. Ec a ao ae pooc oc papaoa eo exoo, o eo ceecooc yeaec pepo 3 paa.

Oopeeo e oaox ceape (use case) ec "oyea ooae", pacpaa y "ocao 3aa". Caaa coac ceap oee cce eo. 3ae coac yao apaee ceap - ooce cpy ooae. 3apeaec cooae oyea coa "oe", pe oca paec a  eopeeeoe acoee. Tae ccece opae eoxo oo, o "oyea ooae" paa e oo po cea, o po oyea ooae, a ceye aa oyea.

Boo a apaa aoec "poo-oyea":

1) p ooceo eo pecae o yoaoc o papao oepeoo pooa o oo ocoe y "oyea", ocae eo paoy. B ao cyae "oyea" oopeeo pae po eeo cea a poo. Heeoc aaec o, o "oyea" oe cpaea c e cooec  peaa pooe, ec poo peaoa yaoe, o e oyepoaoe peee.

2) p ocyc pecae o ye apae peaa o paoy aa a ocoe "ocao 3aa" caaa coaec poo . oce oope 3aao oyepyec eaeoe oeee cce.

ooae oeae poo oyea oopeeo. Ec, ocope poo, ooae coace c ocae oee oeo cce "oyea ooae",  ocyecec epexo coa pooa ceyeo yoaoo oy.

Ka oeeo e, "oyea" aec aee accecoe T3,. a opao a o p peyec:

  1. Ocae popa eaec a e, oo ooae.
  2. e a epx aax papao popa ooae aec aa coe paoe oyea.
  3. He eoxooc pa T3 oyea oopeeo.
  4. Ka pao, aoc epy oepe o T3, oo oyea aeo ocae o eyeo coco popa. B ao cyae oo e aaec.
Cee

Baoc

poy aa Ocae poya
1 poo ce cce poo cce - o aop pooo poep e eee 80% ooaecx apxeypx pee.

Bce poo o p 3aao.

2 oyea (T3) o cocae oope ceap e eee 80% oee oeo Cce.

 

coe aepe aa: a aepaec ce coaee 3aaa coe o o, o oea ccea ye pa, ec cooecye ocee coacoao epc "oyea ooae"; apxeypa peoa ca, e pec ee oee e a 20% xoe ceyeo aa.

Baoe aeae o peco copoe. Boe ooo, o e yaec ocy coac ex ooaee c pooo ocae oyea. B ao cyae 3aa oe p oeoe peee a ypoe o-eeepa opeec c peoa. Ec oo e pocxo, ec peoa xo a pa "ocao aa" c yeo aao a pc, peoeyec epecope pyoeoc/ey poea pepa eo. aaa oooc pepae poea oa peycopea ooope.

 

a 3. Capy

Ha ao ae yac ee peaa ycaec "Pe Cce". Ceecooc aa - pepo 50% papao.

B aae aa cocaec coacoaec oye "peoe ca". a oye coep ocae eco, yceoe oee oopx ec eoxo ocao ycoe pe. coa, oye ocae ao apapoaoe aeco peaa.

a oye cocaec cey opao:

  1. pooc ocae ecox ax e aopa opex ae.
  2. Cocaec ocae ecox poeyp, p o ay ooae e ocac, ecoe ceap epyc "oyea ooae". Oo ecoa poeypa ocae oceoaeoc poep paeo "oyea" (coo pep).

Ha ao ae "oyea ooae" oe eea o ae ecepa o coac 3aaa.

pepo cepee aa o coacoa "peoe ca". K oy oey popac, coacyc c "oyeae ooae" cco eeo ex ecepa, o  yc epy epc cce ca o opa eca.

C oo oea ccea poxo peypoe ecpoae o "peo ca". pepo epe 3-5 epc peoe ec o oc yceo, ccea oec ooo cae oy cyaa.

Cee

Baoc

poy aa Ocae poya
1 Pe cce Peaa 100% ooaecx peoa (o T3) 100% oee eco "peox ca"
2 peoe ca Haop eco, apapy aoe ooopoe aeco peaa.

 

coe aepe aa: ceoe poxoee peox eco y 3aaa, epeaa Cce oyea ea-ecpoae.

a 4. Bepee

Ha ao ae 3aa e ee popa oo cyaa (ea-ecpoa), coe x ycpae. ec o oo opaoo peaec coaco "oyea ooae". Ceecooc aa pepo cocae 10% o papao.

"oyea ooae" oe yyea c o pe opaa c. Texec cae o ooo popae oppye ceye pae.

  1. Oee ocae cce. oppyec a ocoe ox ceape yopoa cce.
  2. cpoe eee. Ty ocaec a ayc popay cpay aa paoy.
  3. Ocoe oepa. B ao paee ocaec a cooa ocoy yoaoc e aac ea. C ocae ceap.
  4. Cpao ooae ("Ka cea?"). oppyec a ocoe oaox ceape oe opex aa.
  5. ooee a. B a pae epeocc ac "oyea ooae" oce cce xapaep oo e peyec ooae.

Texec cae cpae ee c oe o ce oyea.

coe ycaaae ccey a paoe oopyoa 3aaa poo oyee ooaee. ooae o oy co ooce cpy oep, o o oy o cooa ccey.

K ooopeoy apaee cpoy ooa oo cyaa 3aa oe peca cco ex poe. Ec eec poe e oaa, o popaa e cooecye "oyea", o paec peee o ooaeo pee Cce.

 

Cee

Baoc

poy aa Ocae poya
1 caoa Cce caoa Cce a ao oopyoa 3aaa
2 Oyee ooaee ooae poxo ypc oye, oya ooce cpy.
3 poxoee oo cyaa Ccea yopye coaco "oyea"
4 yea "oyea ooae" yaec c opo oe oyea.

coe aepe aa: 3aa oe cyapoa Ccey coaco "oyea".

Bap ao

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